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Basti

Basti

by Vasant Lad, BAM&S, MASc, Ayurvedic Physician

Rectal Administration of Medications

Medications given by enema primarily treat vata dosha, which is the main etiological factor in the manifestation of diseases. Vata is the force behind the elimination and retention of feces, urine, bile, and other excreta. Vata is mainly located in the large intestine. Purisha dhara kala, the colon membrane, is related to asthi dhara kala, the membrane of the bone tissue. Asthi (the bones) are important sites of vata dosha. Hence, medications given rectally affect all the tissues up to bone tissue.

Administration of Basti

If you intend to self-administer basti, the following guidelines have been suggested:

  • Best times for basti are in the early morning or evening (vata times).
  • The stomach should be empty; wait at least three hours after eating.
  • Make sure the environment is warm, comfortable and clean. An area where you can lie down near a toilet is best.
  • Materials needed include an enema bag or syringe, measuring cup, hotplate or stove, oil and/or herbal substance, and towels.

Basti is often administered in two stages: an oil stage and a decoction stage. In the first stage, five ounces of warm sesame oil is introduced into the rectum and retained for ten minutes. Then, without expelling the oil, an emulsion of oil and an herbal tea is introduced and retained for thirty minutes. This mixture consists of five ounces of sesame oil together with sixteen ounces of a tea made from herbs steeped in hot water and then strained and cooled to body temperature or slightly warmer.

The enema bag may be suspended three feet above your position. After filling the bag with the appropriate fluid, allow all the air to be expelled from the tube. Lie on the left side, left leg extended and right knee flexed. Lubricate the tip of the syringe with oil or ghee. Clean and lubricate the anal orifice with oil and check that there are no hemorrhoids, fissures, or fistulas. Carefully and slowly insert the tip into the rectum and release the clip allowing all the fluid to enter, then remove the tip. Assume a hands and knees position and elevate the buttocks, thus relaxing the colon. Firstly tap the colon area from the sigmoid, through the transverse colon, to the ascending colon and caecum. Then periodically massage the colon in this counterclockwise motion.

When fluid has been retained for the appropriate length of time, sit on the toilet to allow the passage of the fluid and fecal matter. You may wish to wear a sanitary pad for a few hours following basti in case there is some seepage of residual oil. It can be good to eat an hour or so after a basti, but only when hungry.

Result of a Normal Basti

  • One or two bowel movements, with good cleansing of fecal matter.
  • A feeling of lightness in the abdomen and general clarity.
Indications for Basti Contraindications for Basti
Constipation
Lumbago or Slipped disk
Diverticulosis
Rakta Vata (gout)
Ama Vata (rheumatism)
Grudrasi (sciatica)
Sandhigata vata (arthritis)
Adhamana (distention and gas)
Apanavruta prana (nervous disorders)
Vata headache
Insomnia
Hernia
Tinnitus
Pregnancy
Menstruation
Diarrhea
Inflammation of anus
Bleeding from rectum (except piccha)
Extreme debility and weakness
Before internal oleation
Same day as vamana or virechana
Within 3 hours after eating